Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is an evidence-based approach to teaching which consists of focusing on behaviors that are observable and measurable, with respect to their antecedents and consequences, which are events that occur directly before and after the behavior of interest. This approach utilizes principles of reinforcement, which typically involves providing rewards, to increase skills that are functional and socially significant throughout the child's daily life.

Program Information:

TLC offers a center-based program that provides 1:1 therapy by a trained Behavior Technician, and supervised by a Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA). Each child will be assessed using appropriate language/educational-based assessment tools, where goals will be derived and individualized based on the child's skill deficits. Targeted goals will include (but are not limited to) skill areas of functional communication, independent play, social/group skills, imitation, gross/fine motor, listener responding, visual perceptual, and self-help skills. Group skills are also emphasized to increase social/peer interactions, as well as attention to tasks in a group (rather than 1:1) environment.

TLC emphasizes the following components as part of each child's program:

  • Data-based decision making: Data collection of each targeted skill to measure progress and provide modifications to teaching strategies if necessary.
  • Positive Reinforcement: Rewards for appropriate behavior ensure that a behavior will be repeated in the future, thus used for teaching.
  • Individualized Curriculum: Each child is tested to determine current skill level, and goals are developed based on his/her needs and skill deficits. Teaching strategies will vary based on the needs of the child.
  • Generalization: Each program includes generalization to ensure that the skills taught in our environment are transferring to the natural environment.
  • Maintenance: Maintenance of mastered skills are completed weekly, bi-weekly, or monthly to maintain all previously learned skills.
  • Behavior Reduction Procedures: These are used in conjunction with (or prior to) skill acquisition programs to reduce behaviors that may interfere with learning. This is done using Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA) procedures to determine the function and implement strategies to decrease behavior problems.
  • Parent involvement/education: It is essential for parents to learn to utilize necessary tools to maximize the child's program across settings.